I can start by introducing myself, I guess. I'm Mike Swanson of the American Studies and History programs in the Feinstein College of Arts and Sciences. My background is cultural history. I took my Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees from Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland Ohio, majoring in American Studies. I began here in the American Studies program in 1972 (wow, that's a long time).. I've always had an interest in material culture (the study of things people make) as well as intellectual history, and that interest took me into the historic preservation field about twenty years ago. I proposed the first Historic Preservation major here, and I expect to continue teaching in it from time to time, though I returned to my roots here in the College of Arts and Sciences in the fall of 2000.
About the Core Program itself:
The Core Program at Roger Williams College centers on three recurring questions in Western thought: "Who am I?” "What can I know?, and "Based on what I know, how should I act?". No single academic experience can provide satisfactory answers to these questions: five of them, working in concert, at least introduce the perspectives, which traditionally have provided tentative answers to these questions. Core 102 uses the disciplines of History and Political Science to look at socio-political answers to the question "Who am I?", the methodology of history and political science to explore "what can I know?", and at the results of behavior based on former answers to these questions to suggest avenues of responsible action in today's society
The course description gives an insight into the content of Core 102. It is more opaque concerning the rationale for a Core Curriculum in the first place. There was a time when the idea of a Core Curriculum would have made no sense: not because the idea seemed ridiculous, but because there was within the western world, at least, a universal agreement concerning what constituted a fit education. Throughout most of the periods we're studying, this was the case. Though the content varied across time, the categories of content proved remarkably stable. It wasn't until a little over a century ago that the idea of "electives" was put forth in academic circles. The culprit was a President of Harvard University.
...A decade or two before, the idea of specialties began not as an undergraduate mode of investigation, but as what one did in graduate school. Here, the first American venture was based on a German model, and Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore was the grand innovator. Now, of course, specialty education is shattering the cohesion of what Thomas Jefferson called the "Academical Village". Perhaps that's a bit too strong: "threatening to shatter" might be a more appropriate turn of phrase. Core Curricula such as the one at Roger Williams University are responses to this sense of fragmentation. We are participating in an attempt to forge a universal educational experience for all members of the Roger Williams student community, regardless of major, regardless of age, regardless of the majors they take or the schools in which those majors are located. This might be a brilliant exercise: it might also be a noble folly. I have the kind of mind that can hold both of these views simultaneously. It is worth the effort, in my judgment, to bring this diverse group into a common enterprise.
I'm planning to have a good time doing it. I'm also planning to continue to develop a class website for Core 102. At this stage of its development, the Internet is perhaps the most democratic medium ever invented. It is certainly the most potent educator since the invention of moveable type. I make that statement fully recognizing we've a few other means of disseminating information which have been invented since Gutenberg's day: movies, radio, television, to name the big three. Yet none of these allows the level of public access that the Internet does.
Each faculty member of the Core 102 team shapes the general content of the course to his or her individual interests and expertise. My sections will use different materials and in a different sequence, than you’ll find in the other sections. My sections have their own website: http://ideaofdemocracy.homestead.com Notes on each week's reading and discussion activities will also be found there. Bookmark its URL. There will be one page of notes and assignments per week, and these will develop as the semester progresses. All required reading assignments will be posted on the class website. By mid-February I will cease distributing a paper version of the syllabus. Those who want to have a paper copy can print the Internet version themselves.
The Work Ahead
Textbook: (Required Reading)
Swanson, Stein, Speakman, Moskowitz, & Greco, The Democratic Idea
Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., 2001.
Additional readings will be assigned from the Internet.
I also want you to purchase an 8.5 x 11 three-ring looseleaf binder with a ring size of at least 1 inch. In this you will keep your class notes, your notes on readings, and the materials I ask you do download from the Internet. I will collect these notebooks twice in the semester and evaluate them.
At the center of our class will be the discussion of a number of documents which have been important in the development of Democratic thought from the days of classical Greece to our own times. Most of these are found in the text, The Idea of Democracy. Others will be added. We will use these texts to explore some of the nuances of Democracy, and some of the challenges to it, as well.
1.Keep Current with the assignments of the week, and the work of the day. These you will find at http://ideaofdemocracy.homestead.com. On the left hand side of the home page you’ll see a week by week list. Click to reach the assignments of the appropriate week. You will notice that there is a special mailbox for this class: firstname.lastname@example.org. Use this if you have any questions, or if you need to inform me about an absence. I will have the notes for the following week posted by 9:00 the Thursday night previous. You are responsible for visiting the class website before Friday’s Class,
2.Come to class prepared. My core classes are a bit larger than I’d prefer in an ideal world. To keep track of whose being faithful and who isn’t, I will take attendance daily. Be more than a warm body, however. Do the readings, and come prepared to discuss them and to raise issues about things you don’t understand. Use the class e-mail address to ask questions, too.
3.I will be requiring you to read a number of documents which are located on the internet. Purchase a 3-ring loose leaf binder, download and print these, enter them into your notebook, and bring them to class. If you don’t have and computer and printer, remember that you have access to those in the Library and on the second floor of the Gabelli School of Business. I want you to incorporate your notes on class discussions and any notes you take on the readings into this notebook as well. I will collect and evaluate these notebooks at least twice in the semester. I will use an informal system to evaluate these, rather than a formal system of letter grades. But I will evaluate them and the evaluation will be part of your final grade.
Evaluation and Grades
I don’t like to do it but it comes with the territory. One of my goals for this course is to help you become more articulate and persuasive in presenting your ideas at the same time you are learning to frame questions, access information and form judgments and solutions. Consequently I’m going to have you do as much writing for me as I can find time to evaluate. I am going to encourage you to submit writing to me in electronic form whenever possible, though I will accept hard copies as well. Your Mid-term Examination will be take-home, and parts of your final examination will be take-home, as well. In terms of proportions of your grade, I expect to use the following:
Midterm (date to be announced) 20%
Final Exam (date to be announced) 25"%
Papers (2) 30%. I will weight the last paper more heavily than the first. The first will count approximately 10%, the second, 20%
Your Notebook will count 15% for its content. I will be looking at how well you located the information I asked you to locate, and at how well you solved the problem or thought about the issue involved. The completeness of the notebook will count as well, both here and as I evaluate your Class Participation.
Basically speaking, I will consider your notebook “O.K.” if it is complete except for one or two of the documents I’m asking you to download, and the downloads are timely. Your internet browser time stamps the documents, so I will be able to tell if you try to complete the notebook in the last week of the semester. “Good” notebooks are complete, and demonstrate that you’ve worked with the class materials and downloads through some system of underlining the downloaded documents or marginal annotations. “Outstanding” notebooks include notes on the readings from the book as well as class notes. Annotations on the downloads include marginal questions or cross references to class notes and notes on readings in the book. On many of the weekly syllabi I will include “something extra” which you can do to increase your knowledge. “Excellent” notebooks will do all of the above and “something extra”.
Class Participation Including Preparation for Class, 10%
I will have one hard point of data here: your signatures on the class sign in sheets. Another will be your turning in your work on time! In addition, I will recognize your frequency of participation in class, your use of e-mail to clarify what you’re working on, your use of my office hours, and other evidence of the level of work you’re putting into things.
Because I want you to think about the second paper you will write for me the entire semester, I'm giving you the question right now.
YOUR FINAL PAPER.
Length: no more than 5 pages, typed, double spaced.
Due: the last class session of the last week of classes)
Topic: I will ask you to give your consideration to the following:
Is it desirable to have a society based on reason, and is it possible to have a society based on the use of reason in the absence of Democracy, if so, how, and if not, why not?
As you write this paper, you will be required to use at least these documents: Cicero’s On the Laws, John Milton’s Areopagitica, and Emanuel Kant’s What is Enlightenment?. The best papers will use many other documents from the course as well. You will need to make sure that the definition and implications of democracy which you employ are understood from the context of your paper
Classroom Practices and Procedures
Our primary focus will be the documents in The Democratic Idea. These are primary source materials, written by Western thinkers spanning 2,500 years. Primary materials are the bricks out of which narrative history is constructed. The readings I have chosen are designed to focus on several crucial themes, among them:
What is "The Democratic Idea," as first espoused by the Greeks and then modified by the Romans in Classical Times?
Civic Theory: What is "society" and how can "Reason" be applied to creating rational government? What is the appropriate relationship between "Authority" (government) and the civil state (the governed)?
Who should participate in a democratic society, and what does participation mean? How has that meaning changed across time?
Is "Democracy" appropriate for all societies and cultures? Is it appropriate for any?
Does Democracy have a future?
I spend a lot of time in "close reading" of texts; probing for implications in the structure of the argument. Your books will be open and used during class, but only if you have them along. So...
ALWAYS BRING YOUR “THE DEMOCRATIC IDEA” AND YOUR NOTEBOOK WITH YOU
Generally my classes are pretty informal. I talk, you talk, and out of the conversation comes knowledge of a sort. We are not going to construct a linear narrative this semester. I am aiming to provide you with a richer, more complex, and more sophisticated understanding of The Democratic Idea. Much of your final understanding will result from what you piece together yourself. Some of you will be much more comfortable with this approach than others will be, at least initially. If you are a person who requires a lot of structure you’re going to have to switch gears and trust the system I’m using. If this is difficult or impossible for you, there are other sections of Core 102 that are organized differently. Enrolments are very full, but you may be able to find someone who would trade sections with you.
I do take attendance on a regular basis, using a sign-in sheet which circulates around the room. You are responsible for making sure you sign in on the sheet. I try to be as liberal in excusing absences as I can be. Excuses for illness, family emergency, and the like are freely given, as long as I am notified by e-mail. USE THE CLASS E-MAIL ADDRESS: email@example.com. Despite your absence, you are still required to keep up with what’s going on. Use the website: http://ideaofdemocracy.homestead.com
The class meets twice a week, so each unexcused absence is the equivalent of a half week’s work missed. More than three unexcused absences will have a negative impact upon your grade. More than five unexcused absences and I’ll suggest you withdraw from the course.
POSSIBLE CHANGE OF CLASS DATE.
The week of Passover/Easter, Roger Williams University modifies the class schedule so that Thursday classes do not meet and Friday classes are held on Thursday April 8, instead. Friday, May 7, is scheduled as a reading day and no classes are held. Last spring, students preferred to hold class on the reading day and take Thursday and Friday off in April. I am willing to do that again this year if the class so desires. As this class is on the Idea of Democracy, I think we should decide this democratically. We will make the decision in a week or so.